Physical activity, nutrition, and chronic disease.
Epidemiologic, animal, clinical, and metabolic studies demonstrate the independent roles of physical activity and nutrition in the prevention and treatment of several chronic diseases.
Fewer data are available to describe the synergistic effects of exercise and diet, and questions remain as to whether and how these two lifestyle factors work together to promote health and prevent disease.
This paper briefly reviews many of the known effects of physical activity and nutrition on the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, obesity, and osteoporosis as well as how exercise and diet may work together.
A discussion of how to increase physical activity levels and how to improve dietary intake also is included.
Finally, current exercise and dietary recommendations are summarized, as are directions for future research.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Cardiopathie coronaire, Diabète non insulinodépendant, Obésité, Ostéoporose, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Nutrition, Exercice physique, Mode de vie, Article synthèse, Savon, Ostéopathie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Trouble nutrition, Endocrinopathie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Coronary heart disease, Non insulin dependent diabetes, Obesity, Osteoporosis, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Nutrition, Physical exercise, Life habit, Review, Soap, Bone disease, Cardiovascular disease, Nutrition disorder, Endocrinopathy, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0197739
Code Inist : 002B26O. Création : 199608.