To determine risk patterns for second primary neoplasms after the occurrence of thyroid cancer, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 3321 thyroid cancer patients who were operated and histologically confirmed at the Noguchi Thyroid Clinic and Hospital Foundation between 1946 and 1985.
They were followed from the date of operation through the end of 1990 with an observation period from 45 to 5 years.
The average observation period of the patients was 13.4 years and the follow-up rate reached 98%. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was computed to assess possible risk increase by cancer site.
In this computation, the time period less than 5 years after operation was omitted to reduce the influence of deaths related to the original thyroid cancer.
A total of 103 deaths from malignant neoplasms other than thyroid cancer were observed during this time period (SMR=1.6,95% confidence interval [CI]=1,3-2,0), Analyses of site-specific cancer mortality revealed significantly elevated risks for the central nervous system (SMR=16.1, CI=5.2-37.6) and respiratory organs (SMR=2.6, CI=1.5-4, I).
Based on a review of available medical records with histological findings, we concluded that the risk increases for these sites were most likely to be attributable to second primary neoplasms.
Whether or not the patients had received radiotherapy was not significantly associated with elevated risk.
Further investigations are needed to clarify the risk factors responsib...
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Thyroïde, Second cancer, Site, Homme, Epidémiologie, Analyse risque, Etude cohorte, Etude longitudinale, Long terme, Endocrinopathie, Thyroïde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Thyroid gland, Second cancer, Site, Human, Epidemiology, Risk analysis, Cohort study, Follow up study, Long term, Endocrinopathy, Thyroid diseases
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0196561
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 199608.