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  1. Are occupational drivers at an increased risk for developing musculoskeletal disorders ? Point of view.

    Article - En anglais

    Study Design

    This study analyzed the role of exposure to driving and other covariates in reports of back, neck, and shoulder pain and resultant disability.

    Cohorts in Sweden and the United States were compared.

    Objectives

    To establish the effect of mechanical and psychosocial factors in reporting back, neck, and shoulder pain and work loss.

    Summary of Background Data

    There are numerous reports of a positive relationship between back pain and driving.

    However, exposure data are minimal

    The influence of job satisfaction has not been assessed.

    Methods

    The physical factors affecting reports of back, neck, and shoulder pain were investigated in a two-country cohort study of bus and truck drivers and sedentary workers.

    Vibration exposure was obtained by directly measuring the vibration imposed on the driver during a typical work day.

    Lifting exposure was attained by questionnaire.

    Cumulative exposure was computed based on work history.

    Musculoskeletal health information was based on a modified nordic questionnaire, and other questionnaires recorded the physical and psychosocial aspects of the work environment.

    Results

    Of the sample, 50% reported low back pain, with no difference between countries.

    The highest risk factors (odds ratios) for back and neck pain were long-term vibration exposure, heavy lifting, and frequent lifting.

    A combination of long-term vibration exposure and frequent lifting carried the highest risk of low back pain.

    Work loss from low ...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Conducteur véhicule, Exposition professionnelle, Facteur risque, Vibration, Satisfaction professionnelle, Douleur, Epaule, Cou, Lombalgie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Médecine travail, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driver, Occupational exposure, Risk factor, Vibration, Job satisfaction, Pain, Shoulder, Neck, Low back pain, Human, Epidemiology, Occupational medicine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0196150

    Code Inist : 002B15I. Création : 199608.