Malaria characteristics and control in Henan, People's Republic of China.
Malaria is one of main public health problems in Henan Province, China.
There have been three major outbreaks in past 40 years.
The last major epidemic occurred in 1970 with 11 million malaria cases reported, and malaria incidence rate was as high as 16.94% in the province.
During the past two decades, malaria control campaigns have been carried out in the whole province through the primary health care system, with community participation.
Malaria control strategies were implemented according to time-and locality-oriented approaches.
In the areas where An. sinensis is the main vector, measures concentrated mainly on control ofthe infectious source.
In the zone where An. anthropophagus is a major vector, measures concentrated on the infectious source as well as vector control.
As a result, remarkable success was achieved.
Falciparum malaria has not been reported since 1988, only 721 vivax malaria cases were reported and the malaria incidence rate was less than 5 per 10,000 in all counties of the province in the 1994.
However, we suggest that factors affecting malaria have not changed completely in the province.
In order to consolidate existing achievements and eventually to climinate malaria in the whole province, malaria surveillance should be strengthened, improving awareness and ability for self-protection in the community through various forms of education.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Lutte phytosanitaire, Vecteur, Homme, Chine, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Pest and disease control, Vector, Human, China, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0195683
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 199608.