Community coalitions address a wide variety of community problems, espousing a community development processes that promotes individual and collective self-determination.
They offer a promising venue for the study of empowerment of individuals and organizations.
This study utilizes data from members of 35 community coalitions organized for the prevention of alcohol and other drug problems to address the following questions : What individual characteristics are related to the psychological empowerment of coalition members ?
What organizational characteristics are related to the collective empowering of members ?
What organization characteristics are related to a coalition being organizationally empowered to succeed in achieving its objectives ?
At the individual level, psychological empowerment was most strongly related to individuals'participation levels, sense of community, and perceptions of a positive organizational climate.
At the group level, the strongest predictors of collective empowering (our operationalization of the empowering organization) were net benefits of participation, commitment, and positive organization climate.
Psychological empowerment and positive organizational climate were the two predictors of organizational effectiveness (the empowered organization).
Implications and limitations of these findings are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychologie communautaire, Psychologie appliquée, Santé mentale, Prévention, Toxicomanie, Alcoolisme, Organisation santé, Organisation sociale, Participation, Action politique, Politique sanitaire, Modèle, Adolescent, Homme, Habilitation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Community psychology, Applied psychology, Mental health, Prevention, Drug addiction, Alcoholism, Public health organization, Social organization, Participation, Political activity, Health policy, Models, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0194063
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 199608.