Toward 2001 in managing lower respiratory tract infection. Symposium. Montréal, Québec CAN, 1995/07/19.
Pharmacoeconomic analysis must determine a credible cost model, including healthcarerelated, non-healthcare-related, and intangible costs, and must identify important treatment outcomes.
Outcomes can be ranked in terms of their sensitivity to different treatments or weighted in terms of cost.
Two recent studies of community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection have shown that inadequate treatment is a frequent cause of repeat visits to the physician's office, involving extra costs that could presumably be avoided by more effective first-line treatment.
When economic data are to be incorporated into clinical trials, it is important to collect data outside as well as within the trial center and to concentrate on data likely to be of significance to the decision makers the trial is designed to influence.
The best way of achieving internal validity in such trials is through randomization, which minimizes bias, chance imbalance, and confounding factors.
The three major determinants of the costeffectiveness of treatment are efficacy, the value attached to preventing treatment failure, and the accuracy of diagnosis.
The latter is important because a drug can only benefit patients if they have the disease for which it is an effective treatment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Voie respiratoire, Analyse coût, Aspect économique, Efficacité, Précocité, Diagnostic, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Respiratory tract, Cost analysis, Economic aspect, Efficiency, Earliness, Diagnosis, Human, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0191892
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 199608.