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  1. Increased rate of conduct problems in urban areas : What is the mechanism ?

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To compare the prevalence of conduct problems (CP) according to level of urbanization and to determine which factors account for the potential difference in prevalence rates.

    Method 

    Study 1 used a questionnaire survey of a nationally representative sample of 10,462 Norwegian adolescents.

    Study 2 used a questionnaire survey of a representative sample of 1,346 adolescents living in Oslo.

    Self-reported CP included most DSM-III-R criteria for conduct disorder.

    Results 

    CP rates were similar in all levels of urbanization, except for the only semimetropolitan city in the country, the capital Oslo, which had CP rates twice those of the rest of the country.

    This increase rate could not be explained by a series of commonly advocated explanations : family structure and parental practices, social network, socioeconomic status, integration in community activities, religious involvement, and race.

    However, involvement in « soft » drugs and associating with antisocial peers could explain the statistically differential rates.

    Furthermore, in the Oslo study, adolescents'CP did not vary according to density of population or region within the city.

    Conclusions 

    The results support previous studies showing increased rates of CP in urban areas.

    However, urbanization must pass a certain threshold before it has this effect.

    Moreover, the lack of support for commonly advocated explanations for the difference between urban and nonurban areas suggests that investigat...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Trouble comportement social, Toxicomanie, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Prévalence, Age, Milieu urbain, Milieu rural, Norvège, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Trouble conduite

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Social behavior disorder, Drug addiction, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Prevalence, Age, Urban environment, Rural environment, Norway, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Conduct disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0187384

    Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 199608.