Smoking and breastfeeding status.
In women who breastfeed, cigarette smoking is associated with early termination of lactation.
The relationship among smoking, demographic variables, and breastfeeding status at 8 weeks postpartum was examined in 400 mothers of term infants and 110 mothers of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants using multivariate analysis.
Women who smoked were more apt to stop breast-feeding early in both study samples.
In addition, in the term sample, older and married women more frequently reported breastfeeding at 8 weeks than younger, nonmarried women.
In the LBW sample, those who were employed were less apt to report breastfeeding at 8 weeks than those who were unemployed.
Also, a greater proportion of smokers in both samples indicate insufficient milk as a reason for a decline in breastfeeding compared to nonsmokers.
The effec of cigarette smoking should be examined in subsequent studies of breastfeeding pattern.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Lactation, Allaitement, Durée, Toxicité, Femme, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Lactation, Breast feeding, Duration, Toxicity, Woman, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0184554
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199608.