Mental disorders were assessed in 326 prisoners of war (POWs) of the World War II (WWII) European theater, WWII Pacific theater, and Korean Conflict (KC) and in combat veterans of both wars.
Diagnoses were identified using a structured diagnostic interview including a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) module.
POW trauma severity was measured by a trauma events index, captivity weight loss, and captivity duration.
KC and WWII Pacific former POWs reported the most extreme trauma and, as hypothesized, showed highest prevalences of lifetime and current mental disorders and PTSD.
POW subgroups exhibited greater psychopathology than combat veterans.
PTSD was frequently associated with other mental disorders and found in high prevalences in all subgroups, pointing to the persistent, far-reaching impact of combat and POW experiences on mental health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ancien combattant, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Trouble anxieux, Trouble psychiatrique, Homme, Seconde guerre mondiale, Guerre Corée, Prisonnier
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Veteran, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Anxiety disorder, Mental disorder, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0184346
Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 199608.