Physical activity pattern and its relation with cardiovascular risk factors was investigated in 1,402 men aged 69-90 years who participated in the 30-year follow-up survey of the Finnish (Eastern and Western Finland), Italian (Montegiorgio and Crevalcore), and Dutch (Zutphen) cohorts of the Seven Countries Study.
Physical activity was assessed with a validated self-administered questionnaire designed for retired men.
Total physical activity varied largely within cohorts.
Median total reported physical activity ranged from 50 minutes/day in Montegiorgio to 89 minutes/day in Crevalcore.
Walking, gardening, and bicycling together contributed more than 70% of total physical activity in all cohorts.
Depending on the definition of physical inactivity, the estimated prevalence of inactivity varied between 5% and 33% in Zutphen and between 18% and 68% in Montegiorgio.
Total physical activity was inversely associated with resting heart rate (r=-0.11, p<0.001) and was positively associated with high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (r=0.08, p<0.01) in pooled data.
These associations remained statistically significant after adjustment for age, cohort, smoking, body mass index, and alcohol intake.
Total activity was not associated with total cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, blood pressure, or body mass index.
The authors conclude that physical activity may have a beneficial effect on HDL cholesterol levels in elderly men.
Walking, gardening, and bicycling contri...
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Exercice physique, Vieillard, Homme, Mâle, Finlande, Europe, Italie, Pays Bas, Lipide, Pression sanguine, Fitness, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Physical exercise, Elderly, Human, Male, Finland, Europe, Italy, Netherlands, Lipids, Blood pressure, Fitness, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0182797
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.