The purpose of this study was to compare residents of an area (Tel-Aviv), which was severely afflicted by SCUD missiles during the Persian Gulf War (high risk region), to residents of a low-risk region (Jerusalem) in terms of :
(a) changes in physical health, in use of medical or psychological services, and in health behaviours during the period of the war compared to the preceding month ;
(b) levels of psychological distress (somatization and anxiety) during the war ;
(c) characteristics of persons at highest risk for psychological distress.
Respondents were randomly chosen and interviewed by telephone (N=545 in Tel-Aviv, N=406 in Jerusalem).
The respondents in both regions reported significant yet similar deterioration in physical health status, and an increase in detrimental health behaviours during the Gulf War.
Tel-Aviv residents had significantly higher levels of psychological distress as compared to residents of Jerusalem : in somatization 18 vs 12% respectively (OR=2.44, CI=1.39-4.28), in anxiety 34 vs 26% respectively (OR=1.62, CI=1.1-2.42).
In addition to place of residence, age, ethnicity, religiosity and self-assessed health were identified as characteristics of persons at greater risk for psychological distress.
Mots-clés Pascal : Missile, Guerre, Israël, Trouble humeur, Homme, Santé, Comportement, Risque élevé, Stress, Population civile, Détresse psychologique, Santé physique, Guerre du Golfe, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Missile, War, Israel, Mood disorder, Human, Health, Behavior, High risk, Stress, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0181382
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199608.