Short stature and risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease : negative findings from the NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study.
This study sought to examine the relation between body height and incidence of myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, overall mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease.
An association between short stature and increased risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease has been observed in several studies, attracting considerable attention.
We used data from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study, a prospective study of a large random sample of the U.S. population, to examine the association between height and risk of four end points.
Baseline data were collected from 1971 to 1975 for 13,031 respondents (5,296 men, 7,735 women), and the average follow-up period was 13 years, through 1987.
Height was inversely associated with risk of all four of the end points studied in both men and women.
However, after adjustment for age and years of education in Cox proportional hazards analyses, the relation no longer existed.
Using the same adjustment procedures, persons in the lowest height quintile had no increase in risk compared with those in the highest category.
The findings were consistent for men and women, blacks and whites and different age groups.
Data from this study in a national sample do not support the hypothesis of an inverse height-heart disease relation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infarctus, Myocarde, Poids corporel, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Santé publique, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infarct, Myocardium, Body weight, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Risk factor, Mortality, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0177543
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.