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  1. Heeding the alcoholic beverage warning label during pregnancy : Multiparae versus nulliparae.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    We compared the impact of the Federal Alcoholic Beverage Warning Label on multiparae (women with at least one previous live birth) and nulliparae (women with no previous live births).

    The label, implemented on November 18,1989, urges women not to drink during pregnancy because of the risk of birth defects.

    If multiparae drank during prior pregnancies, delivering apparently normal babies, we hypothesized that the warning might be less salient for them.

    Method 

    We studied 17,456 inner city black gravidas seen between September 1986 and September 1993 at one antenatal clinic.

    Time series analysis (ARIMA) examined trends in monthly means of antenatal drinking scores (alcohol consumption adjusted for weeks'gestation, age, parity and periconceptional drinking).

    Results 

    For nulliparae (n=7,349), reported drinking began to show a significant decline in June 1990,7 months after the implementation of the warning label (t=2.00, p<. 04).

    In contrast, multiparae (n=10,107) showed no change in reported drinking (t=1.23) postlabel.

    Conclusions 

    Given previous results that multiparae drink more and that heavier drinkers are ignoring the warning label, these data are very distressing and suggest the importance of targeting multiparae for intensive prevention efforts.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Gestation, Femme, Homme, Etude comparative, Multiparité, Nulliparité, Etiquetage, Communication information, Facteur risque, Santé publique, Avertissement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Pregnancy, Woman, Human, Comparative study, Multiparity, Nulliparity, Labelling, Information communication, Risk factor

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0177517

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 199608.