Mental health of hospital consultants : the effects of stress and satisfaction at work.
Background Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among gastroenterologists, surgeons, radiologists, and oncologists in the UK have been estimated by means of a questionnaire-based survey.
The relationship between consultants'mental health and their job stress and satisfaction, as well as their job and demographic characteristics, were also examined.
Methods Psychiatric morbidity was estimated using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire.
The three components of burnout-emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, and low personal accomplishment-were assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory.
Job stress and satisfaction were measured using study-specific questions.
Findings Of 1133 consultants, 882 (78%) returned questionnaires.
The estimated prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was 27%, with no significant differences between the four specialist groups.
Radiologists reported the highest level of burnout in terms of low personal accomplishment.
Job satisfaction significantly protected consultants'mental health against job stress.
Three sources of stress were associated with both burnout and psychiatric morbidity :
feeling overloaded, and its effect on home life ;
feeling poorly managed and resourced ;
and dealing with patients'suffering.
Burnout was also associated with low satisfaction in three domains :
relationships with patients, relatives, and staff ;
professional status/esteem ;
In addition, being aged 55 years or less and being ...
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Médecin, Milieu hospitalier, Stress, Attitude, Pratique professionnelle, Satisfaction professionnelle, Trouble psychiatrique, Morbidité, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, Physician, Hospital environment, Stress, Attitude, Professional practice, Job satisfaction, Mental disorder, Morbidity, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0177479
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 199608.