Electric and magnetic fields and electric transit systems.
Transportation Research Board TRB. Annual meeting. Washington DC USA, 1995/01.
Over the past decade there has been increased public concern about possible health effects resulting from exposure to low-frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF).
Although the main attention has focused on utility companies'high-voltage transmission lines, this public concern over EMF is likely to have an adverse effect on the installation or expansion of electrified railroad, transit, or trolley bus systems.
It is yet another reason for public opposition to new electric rail systems or system expansions.
Concerns may come from a variety of areas, including people living or working adjacent to electrified transit routes, riders, operators, and maintenance personnel.
In addition, railroad and transit systems frequently share rights-of-way (ROW) with public utility high-voltage transmission lines, often with the utility and transit company jointly occupying the same support structures.
This greatly benefits both parties, especially in urban areas, where it is expensive and difficult to obtain the necessary ROW.
However, this often results in transit passenger stations being located beneath or in relatively close proximity to the utility company's high-voltage transmission lines.
Some of the more prominent developments in EMF research are reviewed and how the issues pertain to electric transit operations is discussed.
It identifies the areas where long-term exposure to low-frequency EMF has been linked to health hazards, the reliability and controversy o...
Mots-clés Pascal : Transport public, Transport voyageur, Etude impact, Champ électrique, Champ magnétique, Santé, Zone urbaine, Transport ferroviaire, Trolleybus, Electrification
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public transportation, Passenger transportation, Impact study, Electric field, Magnetic field, Health, Urban area, Rail transportation, Trolleybus, Electrification
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0175843
Code Inist : 001D15C. Création : 199608.