Hypertension among workers occupationally exposed to hydrocarbons and organic solvents.
The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of the possible risk factors associated with hypertension among workers occupationally exposed to gasoline vapour.
This study consisted of 86 cases epsilonchronic hydrocarbon exposure groupzêta and 86 controls epsilonsedentary officerszêta matched for age and nationality in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
Mean age for the hydrocarbon exposed group was 36.9 rhô 7.8 years and for the control group it was 37.9 rhô 7.5 years.
Dizziness (66.7%), weakness (47.4%), tiredness (55%), and general malaise (83.3%) was more frequently reported by exposed groups than in controls. 71.4% of the exposed group and 28.6% of the controls have had taken medication for high blood pressure, the difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). 60% of the exposed and 40% of the unexposed admitted to being diabetic and taking medications for diabetes during the past six months.
Cigarette smoking was more popular among the exposed group (55.7%). Systolic blood pressure 90#Ft#Fh percentile (P90) for the exposed group was 140 while for the unexposed group it was 130.
There was also a significant difference in the 90#Ft#Fh percentile for Cummulative Exposure Index (CEI) for the exposed group (8.57) and the unexposed group (3.33).
The 90#Ft#Fh percentile for obese in the unexposed group was 32.9 while for the exposed group it was 28.7. The results of stepwise regression analysis showed that only age, medical complaints and systolic bloo...
Mots-clés Pascal : Hydrocarbure, Solvant organique, Essence, Vapeur, Exposition professionnelle, Hypertension artérielle, Homme, Emirats Arabes Unis, Asie, Toxicité, Médecine travail, Garage commercial, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hydrocarbon, Organic solvent, Gasoline, Vapor, Occupational exposure, Hypertension, Human, United Emirates, Asia, Toxicity, Occupational medicine, Commercial garage, Cardiovascular disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0174674
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 199608.