For 1993-94,17 states and one territory reported 30 disease outbreaks associated with drinking water, affecting an estimated 405,366 people.
Ten of the 25 outbreaks for which the etiologic agent was identified were caused by Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium parvum, eight were caused by chemical poisoning, three by Campylobacter jejuni two by Shigella spp., and one each by non-Ol Vibrio cholerae and Salmonella serotype Typhimurium.
Twenty (66.7 percent) of the 30 outbreaks were associated with well water.
In addition, nine states reported 14 outbreaks of gastroenteritis associated with recreational water, which affected an estimated 1,437 people.
Ten of these outbreaks were caused by Giardia or Cryptosporidium, three by Shigella spp., and one by Escherichia coli 0157 : H7.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Morbidité, Contamination, Eau potable, Baignade, Qualité eau, Homme, Surveillance sanitaire, Foyer infectieux, Microorganisme, Composé chimique, Statistique sanitaire, Santé publique, Etats Unis, Article synthèse, Toxicité, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Morbidity, Contamination, Drinking water, Bathing, Water quality, Human, Sanitary surveillance, Infectious focus, Microorganism, Chemical compound, Sanitary statistics, United States, Review, Toxicity, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0174043
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 199608.