Blood lead (PbB) levels were determined in children living in Campania (in Naples and in a rural zone in the district of Caserta).
Atmospheric lead (PbA) concentration in these considered areas was monitored for 1 yr (1993-1994).
The children tested were questioned about common sources of lead, other than atmospheric, relating to their living and dietary habits.
The PbB levels in children living in Naples were, at the 50th percentile, 13.8 g/dl in males and 13.7 g/dl in females ; in children living in the rural area the median PbB levels were 8.9 g/dl in males and 8.8 g/dl in females.
The annual mean values of atmospheric lead were 1.15<0.24 g/m#F3 in Naples and 0.23 rhô 0.07 g/m#F3 in the rural area.
Significant and congruent mean differences between urban and rural sites were found in children's blood and concurrent air lead.
Considering the PbB level of 10 g/dl as the maximum level that is not associated any known adverse effect in children, the Neapolitan group can be considered at risk of chronic intoxication by lead.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Métal lourd, Taux, Sang, Enfant, Homme, Italie, Europe, Sexe, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Epidémiologie, Pollution air, Analyse chimique, Teneur air ambiant, Santé publique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Heavy metal, Rate, Blood, Child, Human, Italy, Europe, Sex, Rural environment, Urban environment, Epidemiology, Air pollution, Chemical analysis, Ambient air concentration
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0173155
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 199608.