Nutritional data for two groups of low income elderly women (X=64, range 57-74 years) in Nairobi, Kenya were compared.
Group I (n=113), slum dwellers, had an income of iota$20 Cd per month ; Group II (n=88), poor urban area inhabitants, had an income of iota$170 Cd per month.
Dietary intakes were assessed quantitatively by four 24-h dietary recalls ; anthropometric and biochemical data were obtained.
Twenty-one women (16% of Group I ; 3% of Group II) were classified as having protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) based on abnormal anthropometric measurements or low serum albumin concentration.
The malnutrition was marasmic-like ; the anthropometric measurements (body weight, triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC)) of the PEM Group were lower (P iota 0.05) than those of Groups I and II.
The PEM Group was older (X=68 years), had lost more teeth, and had more subnormal values than Groups I and II for :
serum albumin, hemoglobin, hematocrit,
MCH, serum transferrin and serum iron.
Inferior diets were a contributing factor.
Mean energy and protein intakes of the PEM Group were low : 1471 kcal day#F-#F1 (26 kcal kg#F-#F1) and 42 g day#F-#F1 (0.79 g kg#F-#F1), respectively.
The main protein sources were vegetables (48%) and cereals (36%) ; only 6 g protein was of high quality.
Group II mean protein and energy intakes were greater (P iota 0.05, P iota 0.01) than those of the PEM Group and mean dairy product intake was higher (P iota...
Mots-clés Pascal : Kenya, Afrique, Milieu urbain, Statut socioéconomique, Faible, Vieillard, Homme, Femelle, Etat nutritionnel, Protéine, Energie, Carence alimentaire, Consommation alimentaire, Produit alimentaire, Epidémiologie, Santé publique, Alimentation, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Kenya, Africa, Urban environment, Socioeconomic status, Low, Elderly, Human, Female, Nutritional status, Proteins, Energy, Nutritional deficiency, Food intake, Foodstuff, Epidemiology, Feeding, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0172627
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 199608.