To estimate the exposure of the Belgian population to food contaminated with pesticide residues and to determine what pesticides people are actually consuming, a total diet study-individual approach-was performed.
Fourteen kinds of fruits, 22 kinds of vegetables, and 7 other food items (coffee, drinking water, rice, tea, wine, bran, and wheat flour) were selected as major representatives of the Belgian diet.
During the 2 years of study (April 1991-March 1993), about 3698 samples were analyzed and 21 163 analyses were performed.
The first part of this study demonstrates that no residues are found in 31.3% of leafy vegetables, 72.3% of other vegetables, 51.4% of fruits, and 67.2% of other samples.
In particular cases, some critical situations still exist, especially for leafy vegetables.
Also, contamination of foreign samples is not easy to determine, because origins are not always traceable.
Mots-clés Pascal : Belgique, Europe, Contrôle qualité, Santé publique, Alimentation, Homme, Fruit, Légume, Produit alimentaire, Origine végétale, Contamination chimique, Pesticide
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Belgium, Europe, Quality control, Feeding, Human, Fruit, Vegetable, Foodstuff, Plant origin, Chemical contamination, Pesticides
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0168801
Code Inist : 002A35A01. Création : 199608.