Pesticide residues in human milk and environmental samples from Kafr El-Zayat Governorate in Egypt were analyzed.
This governorate is located near one of the biggest pesticide factories in Egypt.
Organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticides were monitored, including those that have been prohibited from use in Egypt.
Human milk samples (31 samples) from Kafr El-Zayat were compared with 11 samples collected from Cairo.
Data were compared with results from studies performed in 1987 and 1990.
The present study showed that aldrin and dieldrin, heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide, and endrin residues have been eliminated from human milk.
Estimated daily intakes (EDls) of DDT complex and î-HCH by breast-fed infants in Kafr El-Zayat were 85.96 and 3.1% of the respective acceptable daily intakes (ADls). ï-HCH residues showed an increasing pattern, especially in human milk samples from Cairo.
DDT complex and HCH isomers in orange, spinach, lettuce, potatoes, and clover samples ranged from undetectable to very low concentrations.
Higher levels of DDT and HCH were detected, but aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, and the heptachlors were not detected in food of animal origin.
Residues in fish samples were below maximum residue limits established by some developed countries.
Those in animal milk samples approached the extraneous residue limits of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues.
HCH residues in soil were negligible, but DDT residues in soil were somewhat higher.
Mots-clés Pascal : Eau distribution, Eau potable, Contamination chimique, Légume, Fruit, Lait maternel, Pesticide, Organophosphoré, Organochloré, Polluant, Sol, Eau souterraine, Egypte, Afrique, Santé publique, Pollution sol, Pollution eau
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tap water, Drinking water, Chemical contamination, Vegetable, Fruit, Breast milk, Pesticides, Organophosphorus compounds, Organochlorine compounds, Pollutant, Soils, Ground water, Egypt, Africa, Soil pollution, Water pollution
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0167833
Code Inist : 001D16E. Création : 199608.