Regenstrief conference. Washington DC USA, 1994/12/11.
Care of persons with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the United Kingdom resembles that in the United States.
However, health care practice in Europe is being influenced by the Saint Vincent Declaration, the joint European World Health Organization-International Diabetes Federation initiative, which emphasizes prevention of diabetic complications.
In recent years, the responsibility for care for NIDDM has shifted in the United Kingdom to general practice teams.
The effect of this shift on the quality of care and the coordinating and educational role of local diabetes specialist teams is discussed, as is the importance of an individualized « menu » of care for each patient.
This menu aims for optimum blood glucose level control as well as detection and correction of risk factors for diabetic complications.
The pervasive and dangerous notion of NIDDM as a « mild » disease must be corrected.
The importance of systematic auditing of process and outcomes in diabetes care is emphasized, as is the need for regular data acquisition, aggregation, and analysis to achieve continuous improvement in the quality of care.
Although patient-health professional encounters are the core of good diabetes care, the need for larger-scale appraisal on a local, regional, and national basis is now apparent.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète non insulinodépendant, Royaume Uni, Europe, Système santé, Soin santé primaire, Recommandation, Homme, Endocrinopathie, Santé publique, Prise en charge
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non insulin dependent diabetes, United Kingdom, Europe, Health system, Primary health care, Recommendation, Human, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0165266
Code Inist : 002B21E01C. Création : 199608.