An in-depth survey of ethylene oxide (EtO) health and safety was conducted in Massachusetts hospitals (n=92) to investigate the determinants of the provision of medical surveillance for EtO exposure.
We have evaluated the relationships between provision ofEtO medical surveillance and (1) activating OSHA-specified triggers for providing EtO medical surveillance, (2) worker training on EtO health and safety, and (3) various public policy, organizational, group, and individual characteristics.
Among the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) five specified triggers for provision of EtO medical surveillance, only accidental worker exposures were related to provision of surveillance (RR=2.56, P<0.001).
Exceeding the Action Level for 30 or more days, one of OSHA EtO triggers that is also used in a number of other standards, was not related to provision of surveillance (RR=0.84, P=0. 714).
Reports of coverage of EtO medical surveillance issues in worker training were also correlated with the provision of EtO medical surveillance (RR=3.68, P<0.001), supporting OSHA'S premise that worker training plays an important role in medical surveillance implementation.
The presence of detailed written EtO medical surveillance policies was positively related to the provision of EtO medical surveillance (RR=1.81, P<0.001).
The relationships between these potential determinants and provision of medical surveillance were also validated in multivariate analyses.
Mots-clés Pascal : Oxirane, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Surveillance biologique, Milieu hospitalier, Massachusetts, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enquête, Sécurité travail, Recommandation, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethylene oxide, Occupational exposure, Human, Biological monitoring, Hospital environment, Massachusetts, United States, North America, America, Inquiry, Work safety, Recommendation, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0163961
Code Inist : 002B03L02. Création : 199608.