logo BDSP

Base documentaire


  1. Stress and psychiatric disorder in the Hindu Kush : A community survey of Mountain Villages in Chitral, Pakistan.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    It is widely believed that people in remote areas of the world suffer less emotional distress and fewer psychiatric disorders.

    Previous studies offer contradictory evidence.

    Method

    First stage screening of two mountain villages in Chitral used the Bradford Somatic Inventory (BSI).

    Psychiatric interviews were conducted with stratified samples using the ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research.

    Results

    The BSI was an effective screening test, with sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 77%. At a conservative estimate, 46% of women and 15% of men suffered from anxiety and depressive disorders.

    Literate subjects had lower levels of emotional distress than the illiterate.

    Higher socio-economic status was associated with less emotional distress.

    Members of joint and nuclear families were similar.

    Conclusions

    The study offers no support for the belief that people who live in Chitral lead stress-free lives or have low rates of psychiatric morbidity.

    Women may suffer more anxiety and depressive disorders than in Western societies.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Stress, Milieu rural, Pays en développement, Pakistan, Asie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Environnement social, Santé publique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Stress, Rural environment, Developing countries, Pakistan, Asia, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Social environment, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0162339

    Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 199608.