It is widely believed that people in remote areas of the world suffer less emotional distress and fewer psychiatric disorders.
Previous studies offer contradictory evidence.
First stage screening of two mountain villages in Chitral used the Bradford Somatic Inventory (BSI).
Psychiatric interviews were conducted with stratified samples using the ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research.
The BSI was an effective screening test, with sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 77%. At a conservative estimate, 46% of women and 15% of men suffered from anxiety and depressive disorders.
Literate subjects had lower levels of emotional distress than the illiterate.
Higher socio-economic status was associated with less emotional distress.
Members of joint and nuclear families were similar.
The study offers no support for the belief that people who live in Chitral lead stress-free lives or have low rates of psychiatric morbidity.
Women may suffer more anxiety and depressive disorders than in Western societies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Stress, Milieu rural, Pays en développement, Pakistan, Asie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Environnement social, Santé publique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Stress, Rural environment, Developing countries, Pakistan, Asia, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Social environment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0162339
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 199608.