Gastrointestinal endoscopy and laparoscopic general surgery have been significantly affected by the emergence of new techniques.
These two disciplines share many similarities, including the use of sophisticated and expensive technologies.
Their proper assessment is essential because they are developed amidst ever-decreasing health care budgets.
Gastroenterologists and general surgeons must both participate in such evaluations and feel confident in interpreting pertinent published data.
The present review uses a clinician's point of view with relevant examples to discuss the methodologies adopted in technology assessment and to highlight common pitfalls encountered in study design, patient selection, timing and selection of the study, blinding, and outcome measurement.
Cost and statistical considerations, as well as ethical issues, are also reviewed in the context of technology assessment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Laparoscopie, Chirurgie, Endoscopie, Gastrointestinal, Evaluation, Indication, Critère décision, Analyse avantage coût, Résultat, Homme, Santé publique, Abdomen pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Laparoscopy, Surgery, Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal, Evaluation, Indication, Decision criterion, Cost benefit analysis, Result, Human, Abdominal disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0162125
Code Inist : 002B25M. Création : 199608.