The aims of the study were, first, to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) among endoscopy personnel and a group of non-endoscopy volunteers and, second, to evaluate the usefulness of two noninvasive tests of diagnosis : serology and the urea breath test.
The two noninvasive methods of HP diagnosis, serology and #F1#F4C-urea breath test (UBT), were used in a cross-sectional survey of endoscopists, nurse-assistants, and non-endoscopy personnel.
One hundred and thirty-five volunteers were recruited for the study.
In 116, results of the two tests were in agreement (Ø=0.645).
Further analysis was based on the results of the UBT.
Endoscopy personnel (endoscopists and nurse-assistants) as a group had a significantly higher incidence of HP than did controls (32.9% vs. 11.3% ; p=0.004).
The two groups were comparable with regard to mean age, sex, ethnic distribution, and social class.
HP infection is more prevalent among endoscopy personnel.
Both diagnostic tests (serology and UBT) were convenient and relatively simple to perform, and results gave a high level of agreement.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Estomac, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bactérie, Prévalence, Personnel sanitaire, Endoscopie, Dépistage, Sérologie, Exploration radioisotopique, Test respiratoire, Résultat, Etude comparative, Homme, Estomac pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Bactériose, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Stomach, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bacteria, Prevalence, Health staff, Endoscopy, Medical screening, Serology, Radionuclide study, Breath test, Result, Comparative study, Human, Gastric disease, Digestive diseases, Bacteriosis, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0162029
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 199608.