The goal of this paper is to present data regarding the occurrence of alcohol consumption and the relative prevalences and the factorial structure of DSM-IV symptoms of alcohol abuse/dependence in a sample of 1507 older (14-18 years) community adolescents.
Participants were diagnostically assessed at two time points, approximately I year apart.
Three-quarters of the sample had tried alcohol.
Boys in general had greater usual frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption than girls and began drinking at an earlier age ; girls with a diagnosis of alcohol abuse/dependence had a significantly earlier mean age of alcohol disorder onset and were more likely to have a relapse of alcohol disorder.
However, gender differences in symptom prevalence were non-significant.
Seventeen per cent of the sample had at least one alcohol abuse/dependence symptom.
The most frequent symptoms included reduced activities because of alcohol use, consumed more than intended, and tolerance.
Eight of the 11 symptoms made a unique contribution to the prediction of diagnosis in a multiple logistic regression analysis.
Components analysis supported the general division of symptoms into the categories of abuse and dependence.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Dépendance, Adolescent, Homme, Symptomatologie, Sexe, Age apparition, Démographie, Fréquence, Quantité, Consommation, Epidémiologie, Santé publique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Dependence, Adolescent, Human, Symptomatology, Sex, Age of onset, Demography, Frequency, Quantity, Consumption, Epidemiology
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0153824
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 199608.