In modern China the investigation and treatment of scoliosis began in the late 1970s.
The incidence of scoliosis in the Chinese population of the Sichuan province was 0.064%, and the incidence of>10\ for Beijing students was 1.04%. The surgical treatment of scoliosis for 2122 patients reported in the Chinese literature was reviewed by the authors.
In this study, the female to male ratio was 1.3 :
1, the incidence of idiopathic scoliosis was 67.7%, and the incidence of congenital scoliosis was 18.1%. The overall result showed that the correction rate after surgery in the coronal plane was approximately 50% using the Harrington,
Dwyer, or Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation techniques.
However, it would be increased by>60% if a partial vertebrectomy was carefully done and the soft tissue in the concave side was released completely, the postoperative complications were approximately 20% with 0.24% of major spinal cord injury.
Biologic and anatomic research of the spine has been done so that the quality of surgical implants can be improved in the future.
Mots-clés Pascal : Scoliose, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Chine, Asie, Epidémiologie, Santé publique, Traitement, Chirurgie, Complication, Rachis, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Déformation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scoliosis, Child, Human, Adolescent, China, Asia, Epidemiology, Treatment, Surgery, Complication, Spine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Deformation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0152987
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 199608.