Background There is evidence that the risk of sudden infant death syndrome is lower among ethnic groups in which parents generally share a room with the infant for sleeping.
We investigated whether the presence of other family members in the infant's sleeping room affects the risk of the sudden infant death syndrome.
Methods The case-control study covered a region with 78% of all births in New Zealand during 1987-90.
Home interviews were completed with parents of 393 (81.0% of total) babies who died from the sudden infant death syndrome aged 28 days to 1 year and 1592 (88.4% of total) controls, selected from all hospital births in the study region.
Findings The relative risk of sudden infant death for sharing the room with one or more adults compared with not sharing was 0.19 (95% CI 0.08-0.45) for sharing at night during the last 2 weeks and 0.27 (0.17-0.41) for sharing in the last sleep, after control for other confounders.
Sharing the room with one or more children did not affect the relative risk (1.25 epsilon0.86-1.82zêta for sharing during last 2 weeks ; 1.29 epsilon0.85-1.94zêta for sharing in last sleep).
There was a significant interaction (p=0.033) between not sharing the room with an adult and prone sleep position in the last sleep.
Compared with infants sharing the room with an adult and not prone, the multivariate relative risk was 16.99 (10.43-27.69) for infants not sharing with an adult and prone, 3.28 (2.06-5.23) for infants sharing the roo...
Mots-clés Pascal : Mort subite, Sommeil, Position, Parent, Facteur risque, Prévention, Nourrisson, Homme, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Myocarde, Complication, Mort, Trouble rythme cardiaque, Santé publique, Chambre à coucher
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sudden death, Sleep, Position, Parent, Risk factor, Prevention, Infant, Human, New Zealand, Oceania, Myocardium, Complication, Death, Arrhythmia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0147533
Code Inist : 002B12A02. Création : 199608.