Case control studies in diverse populations around the world have reported a lower risk of breast cancer in association with higher intake of dietary fibre and complex carbohydrates.
Although this has not been confirmed in prospective studies in the USA, the observations have prompted the hypothesis that prolonged use of dietary fibre supplements might reduce breast cancer risk in high-incidence populations.
Several possible mechanisms of action have been suggested, all involving a reduction of bioactive oestrogen levels in the blood.
The various mechanisms are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
First, a high-fibre diet might reduce circulating oestrogen levels by reducing the enterohepatic recirculation of oestrogen.
Second, many plants and vegetables contain isoflavones and lignans capable of conversion in the bowel into weak oestrogens that may compete with oestradiol for target binding-sites.
Third, a high-fibre diet is less often associated with obesity, which tends to increase availability of the biologically active 16-alpha metabolites of oestrone.
Fourth, a high-fibre diet usually has a lower content of fat and a higher content of antioxidant vitamins, which may protect against breast cancer risk.
Finally, diets rich in fibre and complex carbohydrates have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity, with an associated reduction in circulating oestrogen levels.
Synergism between these effects offers a possible mechanism by which a high fibre intake ...
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Régime alimentaire, Fibre alimentaire, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Glande mammaire pathologie, Santé publique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Diet, Dietary fiber, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0144903
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 199608.