Community attitudes to mental illness.
The baseline findings from a controlled study of the effect of a public education campaign on community attitudes to mental illness are presented.
A census of attitudes to mental illness was conducted in two areas, prior to the opening of supported houses for the mentally ill.
Factor analysis of the CommunityAttitudes toward the Mentally III (CAMI) inventory revealed three components : Fear and Exclusion, Social Control and Goodwill.
The only determinant of Fear and Exclusion was having children.
The main determinants of Social Control were social class, ethnic origin, age, having suffered mental illness and having children.
The main determinant of Goodwill was educational level.
The attitude factors were predictive of respondents'behavioural intentions toward the mentally ill.
Respondents with children and non-Caucasians were more likely to object to the mentally ill living in their neighbourhood.
Any intervention aimed at changing attitudes to mentally ill people in the community should be targeted at people with children and non-Caucasians, as these groups are more likely to object.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Attitude, Perception sociale, Communauté, Opinion publique, Education sanitaire, Enquête, Santé publique, Démographie, Statut social, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Attitude, Social perception, Community, Public opinion, Health education, Inquiry, Demography, Social status, Human, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0144568
Code Inist : 002B18H02. Création : 199608.