Strangulation injuries in children. I : Clinical analysis.
Over the past 4 years, 7.4% of deaths caused by strangulation in Peoria County, Ill., involved children under 18 years of age.
Clinical review of a consecutive series of 13 children treated from 1985 through 1994 revealed an incidence of 32 of 10,000 intensive care unit admissions with a 5.5 : 1 male bias.
Accidental causes were seen in six children, with suicide or autoerotic causes prevalent in older children and adolescents.
Five children had behavioral disorders before injury.
The initial Glasgow Coma Scale score was 8 or below in seven children.
Cervical roentgenograms in all patients and computed tomographic examinations performed in seven children were interpreted as normal.
Seven children required ventilatory assistance, and four had pneumonia or acute lung injury.
Intracranial pressure monitoring in three children failed to reveal sustained elevations of pressure.
Serial changes in electroencephalograms in five patients paralleled improvements in their clinical examinations.
Ten children were normal on follow-up ; one adolescent reported mild neurologic sequelae and one adolescent showed severe disability.
One adolescent died 2 days after injury.
Comparison of this series with previous reports of 26 children indicated that the extent of the initial injury and effectiveness of resuscitation were major determinates for outcome.
Pulmonary complications were common, whereas the development of elevated intracranial pressure indicated a poor prognosis a...
Mots-clés Pascal : Strangulation, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Epidémiologie, Santé publique, Illinois, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Diagnostic, Traitement, Pronostic, Complication, Pendaison, Traumatisme, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Strangulation, Child, Human, Adolescent, Epidemiology, Illinois, United States, North America, America, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Complication, Hanging, Trauma, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0143154
Code Inist : 002B16B. Création : 199608.