National Reference Laboratory on AIDS (NRL AIDS) was established in the National Institute of Public Health by the Ministry of Health in the late 1985.
At that time the existence of HIV/AIDS and the potencial spread of this infection/disease even in a socialistic country has been oficially recognized.
The main tasks of NRL AIDS were and still are the laboratory diagnostic, epidemiology and research of HIV/AIDS.
As one of its first steps NRL Al DS introduced HIV antibody testing methods and strongly recommended obligatory screening of all blood donations to assure the safety of blood and blood products.
In 1986 NRL AIDS performed the first serological pilot study to gain basic data on HIV infection incidence and prevalence in the Czech population.
National HIV/AIDS reporting system has been elaborated at NRL AIDS and connected with the WHO-EC European AIDS Monitoring System.
Several national and international collaborative HIV surveillance studies in different population groups are performed and evaluated yearly to monitor the trends in the spread of HIVIAIDS in the Czech Republic.
From 1986 through May 1995 a total of 230 cases of HIV infection were reported in the Czech Republic.
Of these 62 cases met the criteria for AIDS case definition.
Homo/bisexual men are still the most affected population group accounting for 59% of all HIV reported cases.
Nevertheless the percentage of heterosexually transmitted infections is constantly increasing. presently accou...
Mots-clés Pascal : Laboratoire, Centre recherche, Diagnostic, Epidémiologie, Dépistage, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Surveillance sanitaire, République tchèque, Europe, Santé publique, Homme, Constituant sang, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Laboratory, Research center, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Medical screening, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sanitary surveillance, Czech Republic, Europe, Human, Blood product, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0141610
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199608.