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  1. Age of suspicion, identification, and intervention for infants and young children with hearing loss : a national study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study was designed to seek a nationwide perspective on the status of identification and intervention for infants and young children with hearing loss.

    Design 

    Three hundred thirty-one parents, whose children ranged from infancy to 5 yr of age, returned a mail survey that included respondents from 35 states.

    Parents were asked to report the approximate age of suspicion, diagnosis, hearing aid fitting, and initiation of early intervention services.

    Demographic information, risk factors, if known, and reasons for delay were also investigated.

    Results 

    Results revealed substantial delays between parental suspicion, audiologic-medical diagnosis, fitting of acoustic amplification, and initiation of early intervention services ; however, the pattern of delay was different for children with known risk factors than it was for those without known risk factors.

    The median age of identification and intervention was lower than that reported by some previous investigators, although a considerable range was reported for each category.

    Conclusions 

    The median age of identification and intervention, although still higher than optimal, may be improving.

    Further research is needed to identify the many factors that continue to delay the timely management of hearing loss in young children.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Surdité, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Nourrisson, Diagnostic, Traitement, Délai, Age, Etude statistique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude multicentrique, Epidémiologie, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hearing loss, Child, Human, Preschool age, Infant, Diagnosis, Treatment, Time lag, Age, Statistical study, United States, North America, America, Multicenter study, Epidemiology, ENT disease, Auditory disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0129813

    Code Inist : 002B10D02. Création : 199608.