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  1. Fetal growth and cardiovascular risk factors in Jamaican schoolchildren.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To determine relation between schoolchildren's blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin level, and cholesterol concentration and their anthropometry, socioeconomic status, and birth measurements.

    Design-Retrospective cohort study

    Setting-27 schools closest to University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.

    Subjects-2337 children aged 6-16 years who were born at university hospital were recruited, and their birth records were recovered : 1610 had suitable records, 659 had records including birth length, and 610 of these were prepubertal.

    Main outcome measures-Blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin level, serum cholesterol concentration, anthropometry at birth, current anthropometry, and socioeconomic status.

    Results

    Multiple regression analysis showed that children's systolic blood pressure was inversely related to their birth weight (P<0.0001) and directly related to their current weight.

    Glycated haemoglobin level was higher in children with thicker triceps skinfolds (P<0.001) and who had been shorter at birth (P=0.003).

    Serum cholesterol concentration was inversely related to current height (P=0.001) and to length at birth (P=0.09) and was directly related to triceps skinfold thickness and higher socioeconomic status (P<0.001).

    Conclusions-Blood pressure in childhood was inversely related to birth weight and directly to current weight.

    Glycaemic control and serum cholesterol were related to short length at birth, height deficit in childho...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Pression artérielle, Poids naissance, Poids corporel, Glycémie, Cholestérolémie, Jamaïque, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Arterial pressure, Birth weight, Body weight, Glycemia, Cholesterolemia, Jamaica, Cardiovascular disease, Human, West Indies, Central America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0125755

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199608.