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  1. Causation, impairment, disability : an analysis of coal workers'pneumoconiosis evaluations.

    Article - En anglais

    The relation of exposure, impairment, and awarded disability in coal dust disease cases is often unclear.

    Surveillance data from large mining populations has demonstrated a decline in pulmonary function associated with coal dust exposure, even in miners with normal roentgenographs, though the frequency with which this results in impairment is not well defined.

    This study examines a more specific group, 374 disability claimants, for whom evaluation data is less extensive.

    In this group, several pulmonary function variables declined in association with years mining, even after controlling for roentgenograph status and smoking.

    This was particularly seen among underground miners, although the declines were small and of marginal statistical significance.

    Awards were evaluated for 203 resolved cases.

    Among 59 with completely normal roentgenographs and pulmonary function tests (PETs), 38 (64%) received some disability award.

    These findings support development ofa more rational impairment/disability system for those with potential coal dust disease.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumoconiose, Exposition professionnelle, Mine charbon, Poussière, Homme, Evaluation, Surveillance sanitaire, Indemnité dédommagement, Fonction respiratoire, Médecine travail, Temps exposition, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Incapacité

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumoconiosis, Occupational exposure, Coal mine, Dust, Human, Evaluation, Sanitary surveillance, Indemnity, Lung function, Occupational medicine, Exposure time, Respiratory disease, Lung disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0123622

    Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 199608.