Tobacco and diet as determinants of survival in male laryngeal cancer patients.
In a series of 213 incident cases of laryngeal cancer, interviewed 10 years ago in the framework of a population-based case-control study, survival has been evaluated in relation to tobacco, alcohol consumption and dietary habits.
The occurrence of other primaries and stage at diagnosis were taken into account as possible confounding factors.
Heavy tobacco smoking appeared to worsen the prognosis in a dose-dependent manner.
No effect was apparent for alcohol.
The consumption of vegetables, citrus fruit, olive oil and orange juice was associated with a better prognosis ; an opposite association was found for butter and milk.
A tentative differentiation between dietary patterns showed a 36% advantage in survival for those whose dietary habits corresponded to the « Mediterranean diet ».
Our results support the hypothesis that diet may interfere with the mechanisms of cancer progression, and suggest that dietary intervention could be a means of improving survival in laryngeal cancer patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Larynx, Tabagisme, Légume, Agrume, Huile olive, Jus d'orange, Coutume alimentaire, Survie, Pronostic, Epidémiologie, Lombardie, Italie, Europe, Homme, ORL pathologie, Larynx pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Larynx, Tobacco smoking, Vegetable, Citrus fruit, Olive oil, Orange juice, Food habit, Survival, Prognosis, Epidemiology, Lombardy, Italy, Europe, Human, ENT disease, Larynx disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0121367
Code Inist : 002B10B01. Création : 199608.