Many. risk factors for normal-tension glaucoma have been described.
One of these risk factors requires further emphasis : Women.
We evaluated the relative preponderance of women among the cases of normal-tension glaucoma reported in the literature between 1981 and 1993.
We also analyzed our own consecutive cases between November 1990 and November 1992.
We found a significant preponderance for women among the cases of normal-tension glaucoma reported in the literature (22 papers ; 931 patients ; frequency of women=64.5%) as well as among our own patients (n=41 ; frequency of women=63%). There were no significant differences between men and women among our normal-tension-glaucoma patients with regard to the risk factors analyzed.
An increased prevalence of risk factors, such as migraine, in women among the general population is known.
Whether the relative preponderance of women among normal-tension glaucoma patients is due to an increased prevalence of known risk factors in women, or whether the female sex represents an unrelated additional risk factor, remains to be clarified.
Mots-clés Pascal : Glaucome sans tension, Sex ratio, Homme, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Suisse, Europe, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low tension glaucoma, Sex ratio, Human, Female, Epidemiology, Switzerland, Europe, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0120668
Code Inist : 002B09J. Création : 199608.