Objectives of this study were to estimate mean daily intake of copper for eight age subgroups of each gender, to examine consumption patterns of chocolate foods in the U.S., and to determine amounts of copper provided by the consumption of chocolate foods by analyzing 3-day dietary records reported by individuals in the 1987-88 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey.
Mean daily copper intake for all age/gender groups of infants and children reached the lower value of the Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intake (ESADDI) range.
However, the mean daily copper intake of all age/gender groups of adolescents and adults was below the ESADDI of 1.5 to 3.0 mg/day.
Chocolate cookies were most frequently consumed among chocolate foods.
Dark chocolate/candy made the highest contribution to mean daily copper intake (22.1% of ESADDI).
Other major contributors to the daily copper intake were chocolate pie (17.8% of ESADDI), chocolate milk (13.3%), chocolate topping/syrup/icing (12.0%), milk chocolate/candy (11.3%), and chocolate cake/muffin (11.2%). The total dietary copper intake by males and females was positively associated (p<0.001) with the consumption of chocolate foods.
These results indicate that the mean daily copper intake of American adolescents and adults is less than recommended level and chocolate foods can be a good source of American dietary copper.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Surveillance sanitaire, Homme, Consommation alimentaire, Chocolat, Produit alimentaire, Source, Cuivre, Alimentation, Nutrition, Elément minéral, Oligoélément, Comportement alimentaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Sanitary surveillance, Human, Food intake, Chocolate, Foodstuff, Source, Copper, Feeding, Nutrition, Inorganic element, Trace element (nutrient), Feeding behavior
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0119444
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199608.