The fatty acid composition of serum was measured for persons aged 10-72 (42 males and 38 females) living in southeastern Nepal.
The mean amounts of PUFA and n-6 PUFA were significantly higher for males (79.8 and 72.7 mg/100 ml, respectively) than for females (68.9 and 62.3 mg/100 ml, respectively) (p<0.05).
The ratios of PUFA/SFA (0.92 and 0.88 for males and females, respectively) and of n-3/n-6 PUFA (0.093 and 0.104) were about the same for both sexes.
The percentages of PUFA and MUFA were 31.6 and 33.0% for males and 30.4 and 34.4% for females, respectively, and the percentage of PUFA showed an inverse correlation with that of MUFA (r=-0.82, p<0.001).
The percentage of PUFA and the ratio of PUFA/SFA correlated inversely with the level of triglycerides (TG) (r=-0.39 and r=-0.41, p<0.001, respectively), which showed a positive correlation with the level of oleic acid (18 : 1n-9) (r=0.88, p<0.001).
These results revealed that when the TG level was high, the level of oleic acid was high but the PUFA percentage and the PUFA/SFA ratio were low.
Thus, a tendency of essential fatty acid deficiency was found with an increased TG level in the Nepalese people studied.
Mots-clés Pascal : Népal, Asie, Homme, Age, Etat nutritionnel, Acide gras polyinsaturé, Acide gras n-6, Alimentation, Nutriment, Macronutriment, Lipide, Essentiel, Acide gras monoinsaturé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nepal, Asia, Human, Age, Nutritional status, Polyunsaturated fatty acid, n-6 fatty acid, Feeding, Nutrient, Macronutrient, Lipids, Essential, Monounsatured fatty acid
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0119441
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199608.