The aim of this study was to describe dietary habits of regular exercisers attending a gym as a possible risk group for dietary patterns inadequacy, making special reference to bodybuilders, a specially vulnerable group.
The sample (n=53) was divided in bodybuilders (BB n=13) and non-bodybuilders (non-BB n=40) to establish comparisons between both groups.
An specific questionnaire providing information about variables affecting dietary habits was designed.
The 24-hour recall for one weekday was used to obtain dietary information.
All food intake data were evaluated for five food groups - dairy, meat, grain, fruit, and vegetables-using standard serving sizes and compared with the Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) developed by the USDA for active people.
Energy and macronutrient intakes and dietary variety were also assessed.
Results demonstrated a concern among members of the sample about achieving an optimal nutritional condition and a tendency to overdo their practices in order to obtain the ideal body shape : (a) BB emphasized the consumption of certain foods - meats (8.6±4.0 and 6.6±5.1 servings for men and women) and potatoes (5.4±5.6 in women) in expenses of others that were not adequately consumed - colored vegetables (1.4±2.0 and 2.1±2.4) and dairy in women (0.6±0.9) ; (b) non-BB calorie intake was below the recommendations for active people according FGP (1848±608 and 1890±1219kcal for men and women), but the distribution among food groups was more balanced...
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Sportif, Coutume alimentaire, Consommation alimentaire, Aliment, Variété, Surveillance sanitaire, Sport, Comportement alimentaire, Alimentation, Maryland, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Culturisme, Habitude alimentaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Athlete, Food habit, Food intake, Food, Variety, Sanitary surveillance, Sport, Feeding behavior, Feeding, Maryland, United States, North America, America, Bodybuilding, Dietary habit
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0119440
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199608.