Fertility norms and son preference in Morocco and Tunisia : does women's status matter ?
This paper investigates the normative and behavioural dimensions of son preference in Morocco and Tunisia, using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys of the two countries.
It considers three measures of son preference :
(1) mothers'ideal number of children, and any preference for having more sons than daughters ;
(2) the desire for additional children, given their existing family ;
(3) reported use of contraception in relation to the existing number of children of each sex.
The analyses indicate a moderate preference for sons in both countries, and suggest that this preference is somewhat stronger in Tunisia.
These findings are interpreted within the cultural context of the two countries, and in particular societal notions of women's status.
Mots-clés Pascal : Fertilité, Femme, Homme, Statut social, Préférence, Sexe, Mâle, Descendance, Tunisie, Afrique, Maroc
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fertility, Woman, Human, Social status, Preference, Sex, Male, Progeny, Tunisia, Africa, Morocco
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0118841
Code Inist : 002B29A. Création : 199608.