To describe the health effects of the political system in Zaire on asylum seekers seen at the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture a retrospective study was performed of the records of 92 asylum seekers from Zaïre who were seen for medical reports at the medical foundation in 1993 and 1994.
Eighty one had been imprisoned ; the others had been severely ill treated at home by the security services.
Sixty six had been detained for up to one year.
Prison conditions were invariably insanitary, and food of poor quality when provided.
All had been beaten on arrest, and all but two had been beaten repeatedly in prison.
Nearly all the women and some of the men described sexual abuse.
Almost all left prison through bribery or because a guard had a similar background.
Seventy two asylum seekers had scarring, considered to be consistent with the history, and 70 were considered to have suffered persistent psychological damage.
Asylum seekers from Zaire will have health effects from experiences unimaginable to the ordinary Briton.
An understanding of the background will help clinicians manage them.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Homme, Réfugié, Hospice, Zaïre, Milieu carcéral, Torture, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Human, Refugee, Asylum, Zaire, Carceral environment, Torture, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0117944
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 199608.