Traduction en anglais : Unconventional healing methods in psychiatric and psychotherapeutic clinics in Germany.
Questionnaires were sent to 545 clinics with at least partial psychotherapeutic or psychiatric activities to find out the spectrum of therapeutic techniques and methods used, as well as the spectrum of therapists'qualifications.
From the 314 responding clinics, 127 different methods were named with an average of 4.0 each.
The proportion of physicians and psychologists to patients becomes worse the bigger the clinics are : e.g., in the class of less than 50 beds, one psychologist cares for 7 patients ; in the class 51 - 300 beds, the relation is one to 48.
The six most frequently used methods are : music therapy (36.9%), imagery (25.2%), dance therapy (23.2%), autogeneous training (22.6%), body therapies (21.7%), and psychodrama (18.2%). Apart from physicians and psychologists, 38 other professional groups were named.
Comparing the answers concerning the methods with the performing professional group, an apparent trend towards a professional diversification was found, e.g. only 62% of music therapy is performed by music therapists, the rest by other professional groups.
Finally, analysis of special remarks on the questionnaires resulted in four groups : discussions concerning the term alternative methods, recommendations to use unconventional methods after the clinical phase, conceptual changes of a clinic, and broader theoretical backgrounds integrating various methods, e.g. the psychoanalytic concept.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hôpital psychiatrique, Thérapie institutionnelle, Psychothérapie, Psychodrame, Training autogène, Psychothérapie corporelle, Imagerie mentale, Musique, Danse, Médecine parallèle, Enquête, Allemagne, Europe, Santé mentale, Homme, Musicothérapie, Psychothérapie alternative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychiatric hospital, Institutional therapy, Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, Autogenic training, Body psychotherapy, Mental imagery, Music, Dance, Alternative medicine, Inquiry, Germany, Europe, Mental health, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0112585
Code Inist : 002B18I16. Création : 199608.