In this cross-sectional study of a random cluster sample of 4238 rural Zairian children aged 0-5 y, we assessed underweight and wasting, defined as weight-for-age<75%, and weight-for-height<80% of the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics reference median, respectively.
We determined the diagnostic validity of underweight and wasting for protein-energy malnutrition, taking a low arm circumference and clinical signs of muscle loss as criteria.
Both underweight and wasting had low sensitivity in recognizing low arm circumference, any clinical muscle loss and even severe marasmus, especially in the weaning period of 12-30 mos.
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the diagnostic validity of weight-for-height can be improved by using a cutoff for wasting at Z-score - 0.75 instead of Z-score - 2 or 80% of reference median.
ROC analysis of 30-mo mortality revealed a poor prognostic validity of weight-for-height and weight-for-age and better performances of arm circumference (cm) and of age.
These data suggest that nutritional intervention programs targeted at wasted or underweight children can have only a limited effect on the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in the community or on the long-term mortality associated with it.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude transversale, Zaïre, Afrique, Zone rurale, Enfant, Homme, Carence alimentaire, Protéine, Energie, Diagnostic, Anthropométrie, Développement staturopondéral, Validité, Pronostic, Mortalité, Etat nutritionnel, Malnutrition, Dénutrition, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cross sectional study, Zaire, Africa, Rural area, Child, Human, Nutritional deficiency, Proteins, Energy, Diagnosis, Anthropometry, Somatic growth, Validity, Prognosis, Mortality, Nutritional status, Malnutrition, Denutrition, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0107016
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 199608.