Douching and sexually transmitted diseases in pregnant women in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Our purpose was to investigate the association between douching (douching agents and timing) and sexually transmitted disease.
A cross-sectional survey of sexually transmitted diseases and habits of vaginal douching was performed on 599 pregnant women who visited a prenatal clinic in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Of the 599 pregnant women, 115 (19.2%) had at least one sexually transmitted disease (gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, trichomoniasis, or herpes simplex virus-2).
Most women had douched with water (19%) or water and soap (63%) at least once in the preceding month.
Approximately 10% of the women had douched in the preceding month with a commercial agent (2%) or betel leaf (8%). Douching with water alone after sex was not associated with sexually transmitted disease.
Douching with water and soap or with a betel leaf or commercial agent after sex was associated with sexually transmitted disease ; adjusted odds ratios were 2.6 (95% confidence interval 1.0 to 7.1) and 2.7 (95% confidence interval 0.5 to 14.5), respectively.
The association was enhanced if the women douched before sex or both before and after sex ; adjusted odds ratios were 2.7 (95% confidence interval 1.0 to 7.3) for douching with water and soap and 5.2 (95% confidence interval 1.6 to 16.7) for douching with betel leaf or a commercial agent.
Compared with women who never douched, women who always douched with betel leaf or a commercial agent had a substantial...
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Virose, Bactériose, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Gestation, Nettoyage, Voie vaginale, Etude statistique, Epidémiologie, Homme, Indonésie, Douche vaginale, Infection, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexually transmitted disease, Viral disease, Bacteriosis, Female genital diseases, Pregnancy, Cleaning, Vaginal route, Statistical study, Epidemiology, Human, Indonesia, Infection, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0106131
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199608.