A study conducted in a rural agricultural community (Githunguri location) in Kenya between 1987 and 1990 investigated the extent of use of agrochemicals, especially pesticides, by the farmers ; their level of awareness of the dangers posed by these chemicals and their attitudes towards agricultural chemicals in general.
The findings showed that more than 95% of the farmers used pesticides extensively.
More women than men were found to be at risk of agrochemicals exposure, while babies and children were at more risk of agrochemicals exposure than the women.
In this community, knowledge and awareness regarding safety in handling and storage of agrochemicals was to some extent limited.
For instance, many had no knowledge of an antidote in case of accidental poisoning.
Additionally, suicidal attempts by ingestion of agrochemicals was prevalent.
Improper handling of the agrochemicals by the community members was implicated to have adverse health effects.
These health effects were reported in form of complaints.
They ranged from acute to chronic conditions.
Consequently, an intervention programme was launched with the women as the key players.
It is envisaged that community participation in the on going intervention programme is saving babies, children, women and the community at large from agrochemicals hazards.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pesticide, Produit agricole, Zone rurale, Exposition professionnelle, Femelle, Enfant, Homme, Kenya, Afrique, Toxicité, Programme sanitaire, Pronostic, Morbidité, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pesticides, Agricultural product, Rural area, Occupational exposure, Female, Child, Human, Kenya, Africa, Toxicity, Sanitary program, Prognosis, Morbidity, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0102602
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 199608.