A CROSS-SECTIONAL study was conducted among the Pascua Yaqui Indian tribe in Tucson, AZ, in 1990 to document the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risK factors, Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for native Americans and for members of the Pascua Yaqui tribe specifically.
A total of 230 randomly selected adults, ages 25-65 years, who were listed as members on the tribal roll, participated, resulting in a 73-percent participation rate for those contacted.
The five risk factors studied included diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, and smoking.
Only 14 percent of participants had none of the risk factors ; 52 percent had two or more factors. obesity was the most prevalent, being present in 69 percent of the women and 40 percent of the men, followed by diabetes, 35 percent of men and 39 percent of women.
Twenty-six percent of the population with 24 percent of women. hypercholesterolemia was present in 19 percent of men and 14 percent of women.
The rates fo diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and smoking documented in this tribe are relatively high and can serve as a baseline for evaluating future prevention efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Ethnie, Amérindien, Homme, Arizona, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pascua yaqui
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, Amerindian, Human, Arizona, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0097934
Code Inist : 002B12A09. Création : 199608.