Prevalence rates and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children.
To determine the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children in a primary care pediatric sample.
In a two-stage design, 3,860 preschool children were screened ; 510 received fuller evaluations.
For quantitative assessment of disorder (=90th percentile), prevalence of behavior problems was 8.3%. « Probable » occurrence of an Axis I DSM-III-R disorder was 21.4% (9.1%, severe).
Logistic regression analyses indicated significant demographic correlates for quantitative outcomes (older age, minority status, male sex, low socioeconomic status, father absence, small family size) but not for DSM-III-R diagnoses.
Maternal and family characteristics were generally not significant.
Child correlates included activity level, timidity, persistence, and IQ.
Overall prevalence of disorder was consistent with rates for older children ; correlates varied by approach used for classification.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Trouble psychiatrique, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III, Version revisée, Age préscolaire, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III, Revised drafting, Preschool age, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0097775
Code Inist : 002B18D10. Création : 199608.