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  1. Exposure of four Filipino farmers to parathion-methyl while spraying string beans.

    Article - En anglais

    Filipino farmers resist wearing protective garments while spraying, preferring to wear long-sleeved cotton polyester shirts and short or long trousers.

    The exposure of farmers while wearing this attire and spraying was assessed to determine what degree of protection it afforded farmers under tropical conditions.

    Absorbent pads were placed on the outer and inner wear on various body parts.

    Applicators sprayed parathion-methyl on fruiting string beans at the recommended rate and residues were analyzed by gas chromatography.

    Each farmer had a characteristic spraying pattern which resulted in peculiar residue levels in some body parts.

    Inner exposure did not exceed the tolerable dermal exposure level during warm days while using proper spraying techniques.

    The use of long-sleeved cotton polyester shirt and thick polyester trousers provides, to a certain degree, protection for farmers during warm days.

    A change of clothing would be a more acceptable measure for farmers than wearing uncomfortable and impractical protective garments.

    The following spraying techniques reduced farmer exposure : fully outstretched arm, minimal body twisting and smooth hand movements.

    The use of thick polyester long trousers, gloves or a suitable substitute and the removal of weeds within the crop area also reduce farmer exposure to insecticides.

    Re-designing the bottle to include a plastic lip, in order to avoid spillage, is also recommended to reduce exposure during the critical mi...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Lutte chimique, Lutte antidéprédateur, Pulvérisation, Protection individuelle, Agriculteur, Exposition professionnelle, Vêtement protecteur, Contamination, Etude sur terrain, Phaseolus vulgaris, Stade développement, Traitement manuel, Peau, Homme, Résidu, Chromatographie gaz liquide, Philippines, Condition météorologique, Climat tropical, Parathion-methyl, Leguminosae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Asie, Pesticide, Légumineuse grain, Organophosphoré, Insecticide, Zone tropicale, Pays en développement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemical control, Pest management, Spraying, Individual safety equipment, Farmer, Occupational exposure, Protective clothing, Contamination, Field study, Phaseolus vulgaris, Developmental stage, Manual processing, Skin, Human, Residue, Gas liquid chromatography, Philippine Islands, Atmospheric condition, Tropical climate, Leguminosae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Asia, Pesticides, Grain legume, Organophosphorus compounds, Insecticide, Tropical zone, Developing countries

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0095636

    Code Inist : 002A34B. Création : 199608.